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but-for causation principle

Definitions of betingelseslære

The term "betingelseslære" is used in the context of private law, and particularly tort law, and refers to the principle that harm or an injury must be caused by a specific act (i.e. would not have occurred in the absence of that act).

In English-speaking jurisdictions, the principle is applied in the form of the "but-for" test, i.e. by asking whether harm or an injury would have occurred "but for" (in the absence of) the act in question.