There are multiple definitions - click on the translation that matches your context.

剥夺权利

动词

full

disenfranchise

verb

Definitions of disenfranchise

to take away someone's right or privilege

These reforms clearly seek to disenfranchise thousands of parents.

to take away someone's right to vote

The Independent National Electoral Council has been accused of deliberately trying to disenfranchise the Southern part of the country.